ON THIS EPISODE
What did Jesus accomplish when he died on the cross? It seems like an obvious question: he died for my sins. He died to save us. He died so that we might have life.
But there’s actually a lot more to it than that. Over the centuries, many theologians have grappled to understand exactly what happened in the universe at the moment when Jesus surrendered his life.
At the heart of it, Jesus reconciled us back to God. This is what theologians refer to as atonement. And there are many different theories as to how that atonement actually happened.
In this episode, we explore 8 different theories of atonement, their history, strengths and weakness, as well as how they help us understand the heart of the gospel message.
These are the theories we cover:
- Satisfaction Theory
- Penal Substitution Theory
- Moral Influence Theory
- Example Theory
- Governmental Theory
- Nonviolent Atonement Theory
Here are the links to the resources we reference in this episode.
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- Systematic Theology by Louis Berkoff
- Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem
- “Ransom, substitute, scapegoat, God: is there one doctrine of the atonement?” by Ben Pugh (blog article)
- Cur Deus Homo by Anselm of Canterbury
If you have any questions you’d like to submit about this episode or have other topics of conversation you’d like us to explore in future episodes, you can connect with us over on our contact page. We’re looking forward to hearing from you and we’re excited to journey with you!